Fibroids are tumors that grow from the muscle layers of the uterus. They are non cancerous tumors also known as uterine fibroids. Fibroids are growths of soft muscle which can vary in size, from that of a bean to as large as a melon. Fibroids affect women at sometime during their life. Women aged between 30 and 50 are the most likely to develop fibroids. Obese women are at higher risk of developing fibroids. Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the muscle tissue of the uterus. Fibroids can grow in a range of single to multiple and size can vary from small to large. By the age of 50 years, usually women will have fibroids. The medical term for fibroids is leiomyoma or myoma. Uterine fibroids are lumps that grow on the uterus. Symptoms of uterine fibroids may include heavy bleeding, cramping and an urge to urinate. Fibroids are treated using methods like hysterectomy, embolization, and hormone therapy.
There are different types of Fibroids. Intramural fibroids are the most common types of fibroids which are located in the wall of the uterus. Subserosal fibroids are located outside the wall of the uterus and can develop into pedunculated fibroids (stalks). Subserosal fibroids can grow very large. Submucosal fibroids are present in the muscle beneath the lining of the uterus wall. Cervical fibroids are located in the cervix (neck of the womb). Fibroids are discovered during vaginal examination. Ultrasound scanning is also used to find out the presence of fibroids. To view uteras clearly, Trans-vaginal scan method is used. Estrogen and progesterone levels are high during reproductive years of women. During pregnancy, estrogen levels are high and fibroids will have tendency to swell. When estrogen levels are low fibroids may shrink, e.g. during a woman's menopause.